Teknologi Proses Pembentukan Butiran Beras Artifisial Instan dengan Metode Esktrusi (Technological Process of the Formation of Instant Artificial Rice Grain with Extrusion Method)

Main Article Content

Heny Herawati
Feri Kusnandar
Dede R. Adawiyah
Slamet Budijanto

Abstract

Berbagai program diversifikasi pangan telah diterapkan, namun demikian belum mampu merubah pola ketergantungan masyarakat akan produk berbentuk beras. Salah satu peluang untuk mengatasi hal tersebut melalui pengembangan beras artifisial. Pembentukan butiran beras artifisial instan memiliki tingkat kesulitan tersendiri karena diharapkan dapat membentuk butiran beras yang kokoh, tekstur yang lembut serta waktu tanak yang lebih singkat daripada beras yang bersumber dari tanaman padi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari parameter penting yang mempengaruhi pembentukan butiran granula beras artifisial instan untuk diversifikasi pangan pokok bersumber karbohidrat non beras melalui pengembangan produk beras artifisial. Analisa pembentukan butiran beras artifisial instan dilakukan dengan mengamati bentuk fisiknya serta dijabarkan secara diskriptif. Kadar air 60 persen, putaran screw 168 rpm, temperatur 95°C, konsentrasi GMS 2 persen dan waktu steaming 5 menit menghasilkan karakteristik butiran beras artifisial instan optimal. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat memberikan kontribusi terhadap penggunaan optimasi parameter proses optimal yang dapat digunakan untuk teknologi pembentukan butiran granula beras artifisial yang bersumber dari bahan baku karbohidrat non padi.

Several food diversification programs have been implemented, but they have not been able to change the pattern of people’s dependence on rice products. One of the opportunities to overcome this problem is through the development of artificial rice. Formation of instant artificial rice grain has its own difficulty as it is expected to form strong rice grain with soft texture and shorter cooking time compared to rice derived from paddy. This research aims to study the important parameters affecting the formation of instant artificial rice granule for diversification of staple foods derived from non-rice carbohydrate through artificial rice product development. The analysis was done by observing and describing its physical form. The best parameter was 60 percent moisture content of raw material, 168 rpm screw speed extruder, 95°C extruder temperature, 2 percent GMS concentration and 5 minutes steaming time. The result of this research is expected to contribute to the optimization of parameter process that can be used in the technology of artificial rice granule from non-paddy carbohydrate.

 

Article Details

Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Heny Herawati

Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pascapanen Pertanian

Feri Kusnandar

Program Studi Ilmu Pangan, IPB

Dede R. Adawiyah

Program Studi Ilmu Pangan, IPB

Slamet Budijanto

Program Studi Ilmu Pangan, IPB

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